Paints and Coatings Recommended for Metal Roofing
- METAL ROOF COATINGS & PAINTS - CONTENTS: Polyester-Resin Roof Paints for Metal Roofing, Silicone-Modified Polyester Roof Coatings. PVDF Fluoropolymer Resin Roof Paints. Reflective Finishes for Metal Roofs to Reduce Building Air Conditioning Costs. Granular Coatings Used on Metal Roof Shingles. Best practices for roofing installation & maintenance for metal roofing using coatings
- POST a QUESTION or READ FAQs about choosing & applying all types of coatings, paints, sealants on metal roofs
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Metal roof paint choices, application, life: this article discusses choices of metal roof coatings, their properties, application methods, and maintenance.
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Paints and Coatings Recommended for Metal Roofing
This article series discusses best practices in the selection and installation of residential roofing. This article includes excerpts or adaptations from Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction, by Steven Bliss, courtesy of Wiley & Sons. Our roof top photo shows safety precautions in place while re-coating a roof in Oslo, Norway.
Watch out: one of the quickest ways to fall off of a metal roof is to try walking on it while painting the surface, stepping in wet paint. Speaking from experience in Dunnsville, VA. Also see the page top photo at this article for some rooftop safety precautions including scaffolding and fencing. - Ed.
While unpainted metal roofs are common on utility buildings
and some rustic homes, most homeowners prefer a
painted surface. In addition to improving the appearance, a
high-quality factory finish can significantly extend the life
of metal roofing.
The corrugated roofing at left (Hudson New York) was never painted.
In general, factory finishes are durable
and flexible enough to tolerate factory roll-forming and
The best finishes carry decades-long
warranties against cracking and peeling, and “excessive”
chalking and fading (as defined by the manufacturer).
quality of the finish is determined by the type of resin and
the stability of the pigments.
Polyester-Resin Roof Paints for Metal Roofing
Polyester-resin paints are the least expensive
and are commonly used on exposed-fastener panels. These
have a medium to high gloss when applied, but they will
fade significantly within 5 to 7 years on surfaces exposed
to direct sun. Bright red, for example, may fade to pink.
Fading will be less noticeable on light colors, making them
a better choice. Warranties are typically for 3 to 5 years
and rarely cover fading or chalking.
Silicone-Modified Polyester Roof Coatings
polyesters) use polyester resins blended with silicone
additives to improve performance. In general, the
higher the silicone content, the more durable the finish.
These are available in medium- and high-gloss colors, and
they resist fading and chalking much better than standard
polyester paints. Warranties against excessive fading and
chalking typically run from 10 to 20 years, depending on
PVDF Fluoropolymer Resin Roof Paints
Based on a fluorocarbon-based resin
called PVDF, these are the most technically advanced and
most expensive finishes. Sold under the trade names Kynar
500® and Hylar 5000®, fluorocarbon-based paints provide
a smooth and dense medium-gloss finish that offers excellent
durability and long-lasting resistance to fading and
chalking, even under intense sun exposures.
coating also resists dirt retention and holds up better
in coastal environments than other finishes. The finish is
softer than SMPs, however, and can be damaged by the
roofing installers, if they are not careful. Typical warranties
run 20 years or greater, with 10- to 20-year protection
against excessive fading.
Use of Reflective Finishes for Metal Roofs to Reduce Building Air Conditioning Costs
Our photo (left) shows a very common practice: painting antiqu3e metal roofs with aluminized roof coatings to reduce rusting, improve roof life, and increase reflectivity to reduce heat gain in the building in hot sunny weather.
Watch out: some roof coatings and paints and particularly some roofing cements commonly used to "patch" old rusting or leaky metal roofs may work in the short run, but contain corrosive chemicals that actually speed further metal roof corrosion.
Be sure that the coating or patch material you use on a metal roof is approved for the metal surfaces to which it is being applied. In Newburgh NY we inspected the restoration of an historic home that had made extensive use of copper roof flashing.
The most severe corrosion had occurred where and after a bituminous flashing cement had been blobbed atop of copper flashing joints.
White metal roofs can reduce
cooling loads by as much as 30%, according to tests conducted
by the Florida Solar Energy Center. More modest
savings are now available with dark colors as well by using
metal shingles coated with special paints formulated to
selectively reflect the sun’s infrared and ultraviolet
These “Hi-R” paints are now standard options
with Hylar/Kynar® finishes. Tests indicate that aluminum
shakes with a reflective brown finish reject 30% to 40% of
the total solar radiation compared to 67% for a white metal
Granular Coatings Used on Metal Roof Shingles
Some metal shingles are available
with a textured finish consisting of crushed stone or
ceramic granules blended into an acrylic resin. These are
applied over a special primer and sealed with a clear acrylic
The multicolored granules give the appearance of an
asphalt shingle and protect against scratching from foot
traffic. The finishes also help protect against denting from
hail and help conceal any small dents.
-- Adapted with permission from Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction.
Resources: Roofing Materials & Equipment Suppliers
- Classic Products
Modular metal shingle panels and standing seam panels
- Decra Roofing Systems
Modular metal shingle, tile, and shake panels
- Dura-Lok Roofing Systems
Modular metal roofing shingles with granular coating
Exposed fastener and concealed clip metal roofing
- Gerard Roofing Technologies
Modular metal shake and tile panels with granular
Modular metal roof-tile panels
- Atas International
Modular metal shingle, tile, and standing-seam panels
- Custom-Bilt Metals
Modular metal shakes and standing seam panels
- Zappone Manufacturing, website www.zappone.com/
Zappone Manufacturing, 2928 North Pittsburg St. Spokane, WA 99207
1-800-285-2677, Washington State Copper Roofing Supplier of
Copper scallop shingles, copper shingles, copper bay windows, vertical walls, aluminum roof shingles
-- Adapted with permission from Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction.
Continue reading at METAL ROOF EXPOSED FASTENER SYSTEM or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below.
Or see LIFE EXPECTANCY of METAL ROOFS
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METAL ROOF COATINGS & PAINTS at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.
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Technical Reviewers & References
Publisher's Google+ Page by Daniel Friedman
Click to Show or Hide Citations & References
- ARMA - Asphalt Roofing Manufacturer's Association - http://www.asphaltroofing.org/
750 National Press Building, 529 14th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20045, Tel: 202 / 207-0917
- ASTM - ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428-2959 USA The ASTM standards listed below can be purchased in fulltext directly from http://www.astm.org/
- Cedar Shake & Shingle Bureau, CSSB, U.S.: Sumas, WA 98295-1178, Tel: 604-820-7700, In Canada:
Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau #2 - 7101 Horne Street, Mission, BC V2V 7A2 Tel: (604) 820-7700, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org , website: http://www.cedarbureau.org/
- Forest Products Laboratory, US FPL, One Gifford Pinchot Drive, Madison, WI 53726, Tel: (608) 231-9200, Email: email@example.com, website: http://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/
- NRCA - National Roofing Contractors Association - http://www.nrca.net/, 10255 W. Higgins Road, Suite 600,
Rosemont, IL 60018-5607, Tel: (847) 299-9070
- UL - Underwriters Laboratories - http://www.ul.com/
2600 N.W. Lake Rd.
Camas, WA 98607-8542
Tel: 1.877.854.3577 / Fax: 1.360.817.6278
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
- The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
Or choose the The Home Reference eBook for PCs, Macs, Kindle, iPad, iPhone, or Android Smart Phones. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAEHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space.
- Best Practices Guide to Residential Construction, by Steven Bliss. John Wiley & Sons, 2006. ISBN-10: 0471648361, ISBN-13: 978-0471648369, Hardcover: 320 pages, available from Amazon.com and also Wiley.com. See our book review of this publication.
- Decks and Porches, the JLC Guide to, Best Practices for Outdoor Spaces, Steve Bliss (Editor), The Journal of Light Construction, Williston VT, 2010 ISBN 10: 1-928580-42-4, ISBN 13: 978-1-928580-42-3, available from Amazon.com
- The Journal of Light Construction has generously given reprint permission to InspectAPedia.com for this article. All rights and contents are ©Journal of Light Construction and may not be reproduced in any form.
- Architectural elements: the technological revolution: Galvanized iron roof plates and corrugated sheets; cast iron facades, columns, door and window caps, ... (American historical catalog collection), Diana S Waite, available used out of Amazon.
- Asphalt Roofing Residential Manual,
- Building Pathology, Deterioration, Diagnostics, and Intervention, Samuel Y. Harris, P.E., AIA, Esq., ISBN 0-471-33172-4, John Wiley & Sons, 2001 [General building science-DF] ISBN-10: 0471331724
- Building Pathology: Principles and Practice, David Watt, Wiley-Blackwell; 2 edition (March 7, 2008)
- Built-Up Roof Systems, Manual, C.W. Griffin, Mcgraw-Hill (Tx); 2nd edition (July 1982), ISBN-10: 0070247838, ISBN-13: 978-0070247833
- Concrete Folded Plate Roofs, C. Wilby PhD BSc CEng FICE FIStructE (Author), Butterworth-Heinemann, 1998, ISBN-10: 0340662662, ISBN-13: 978-0340662663
- Concrete Shell Roofs, C. Wilby PhD BSc CEng FICE FIStructE (Author),
- Concrete Dome Roofs (Longman Concrete Design and Construction Series),
- Concrete Roofing Tile, History of the, Batsford, 1959, AISN B000HLLOUC (availble used)
- Copper Roofing, by CDA
- Copper Roofing, Master specifications for copper roofing and sheet metal work in building construction: Institutional, commercial, industrial, I.E. Anderson, 1961 (hard to find)
- Corrugated Iron, Building on the Frontier, Simon Holloway
- Green Roof Plants: A Resource and Planting Guide, Edmund C. Snodgrass, Lucie L. Snodgrass, Timber Press, Incorporated, 2006, ISBN-10: 0881927872, ISBN-13: 978-0881927870. The text covers moisture needs, heat tolerance, hardiness, bloom color, foliage characteristics, and height of 350 species and cultivars.
- Green Roof Construction and Maintenance, Kelley Luckett, McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009, ISBN-10: 007160880X, ISBN-13: 978-0071608800, quoting: Key questions to ask at each stage of the green building process Tested tips and techniques for successful structural design
Construction methods for new and existing buildings
Information on insulation, drainage, detailing, irrigation, and plant selection
Details on optimal soil formulation
Illustrations featuring various stages of construction
Best practices for green roof maintenance
A survey of environmental benefits, including evapo-transpiration, storm-water management, habitat restoration, and improvement of air quality
Tips on the LEED design and certification process
Considerations for assessing return on investment
Color photographs of successfully installed green roofs
Useful checklists, tables, and charts
- Handbook of Building Crafts in Conservation, Jack Bower, Ed.,
Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, NY 1981 ISBN 0-442-2135-3 Library of
Congress Catalog Card Nr. 81-50643.
- Historic Preservation Technology: A Primer, Robert A. Young, Wiley (March 21, 2008)
- Historic Slate Roofs : With How-to Info and Specifications, Tina Skinner (Ed), Schiffer Publishing, 2008, ISBN-10: 0764330012
, ISBN-13: 978-0764330018
- Low Slope Roofing, Manual of, 4th Ed., C.W. Griffin, Richard Fricklas,
McGraw-Hill Professional; 4 edition, 2006, ISBN-10: 007145828X, ISBN-13: 978-0071458283
- Roof failure causes in depth (and specific methods for avoiding them)
- Roof design fundamentals and flourishes, based on voluminous industry research and experience
- New technologies and materials -- using them safely and correctly
- Comprehensive coverage of all major roofing systems
pecifications, inspection, and maintenance tools for roofing work
- Metal Roofing, an Illustrated Guide, R.A. Knowlton , [metal shingle roofs],
- Patio Roofs, how to build, Sunset Books
- Problems in Roofing Design, B. Harrison McCampbell, Butterworth Heineman, 1991 ISBN 0-7506-9162-X (available used)
- Roofing The Right Way, Steven Bolt, McGraw-Hill Professional; 3rd Ed (1996), ISBN-10: 0070066507, ISBN-13: 978-0070066502
- Slate Roofs, National Slate Association, 1926, reprinted 1977
by Vermont Structural Slate Co., Inc., Fair Haven, VT 05743, 802-265-4933/34. (We recommend this book if you can find it. It
has gone in and out of print on occasion.)
- Roof Tiling & Slating, a Practical Guide, Kevin Taylor, Crowood Press (2008), ISBN 978-1847970237,
If you have never fixed a roof tile or slate before but have wondered how to go about repairing or replacing them, then this is the book for you. Many of the technical books about roof tiling and slating are rather vague and conveniently ignore some of the trickier problems and how they can be resolved. In Roof Tiling and Slating, the author rejects this cautious approach. Kevin Taylor uses both his extensive knowledge of the trade and his ability to explain the subject in easily understandable terms, to demonstrate how to carry out the work safely to a high standard, using tried and tested methods.
This clay roof tile guide considers the various types of tiles, slates, and roofing materials on the market as well as their uses, how to estimate the required quantities, and where to buy them. It also discusses how to check and assess a roof and how to identify and rectify problems; describes how to efficiently "set out" roofs from small, simple jobs to larger and more complicated projects, thus making the work quicker, simpler, and neater; examines the correct and the incorrect ways of installing background materials such as underlay, battens, and valley liners; explains how to install interlocking tiles, plain tiles, and artificial and natural slates; covers both modern and traditional methods and skills, including cutting materials by hand without the assistance of power tools; and provides invaluable guidance on repairs and maintenance issues, and highlights common mistakes and how they can be avoided.
The author, Kevin Taylor, works for the National Federation of Roofing Contractors as a technical manager presenting technical advice and providing education and training for young roofers.
- The Slate Roof Bible, Joseph Jenkins, www.jenkinsslate.com,
143 Forest Lane, PO Box 607, Grove City, PA 16127 - 866-641-7141 (We recommend this book).
- Slate Roofing in Canada (Studi4es in archaeology, architecture, and history),
- Smart Guide: Roofing: Step-by-Step Projects, Creative Homeowner (Ed), 2004, ISBN-10: 1580111491, ISBN-13: 978-1580111492
- Solar heating, radiative cooling and thermal movement: Their effects on built-up roofing (United States. National Bureau of Standards. Technical note), William C Cullen, Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Govt. Print. Off (1963), ASIN: B0007FTV2Q
- Tile Roofs of Alfred: A Clay Tradition in Alfred NY
- "Weather-Resistive Barriers [copy on file as /interiors/Weather_Resistant_Barriers_DOE.pdf ] - ", how to select and install housewrap and other types of weather resistive barriers, U.S. DOE
- Wood Shingle Roofs, Care and Maintenance of wood shingle and shake roofs(EC), Stanley S. Niemiec (out of print)