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This article discusses how to control direct and indirect glare caused by sunlight in green houses and sunspaces.
Green links show where you are. © Copyright 2013 InspectAPedia.com, All Rights Reserved.
The accompanying text is reprinted/adapted/excerpted with permission from Solar Age Magazine - editor Steven Bliss. Our page top photos shows a sunspace constructed by the website editor (DF) and an example of indirect solar glare (to the right of the plant in our photograph).
Readers should see GREENHOUSE DESIGN for SOLAR HEATING, also see INSULATION for GREENHOUSE or SOLARIUM. Details about solar shades that may be useful in controlling solar glare are found at SOLAR SHADES & SUNSCREENS and SOLAR SHADES, LOW-E EFFECTIVENESS. Contact us to suggest text changes and additions and, if you wish, to receive online listing and credit for that contribution.
Beating Sunspace or Greenhouse Glare in buildings
Question: what strategies are most promising for controlling indoor glare from sunlight or other sources?
A building we own and occupy has a three-story atrium/sunspace with over 30 2x5-foot windows. Our computer room faces the atrium and users complain about the glare.
We are considering installing shades or films to control the glare from sunlight. What solar glare strategies are most promising? - Lou Nemesec, Illinois Industrial Commission, Chicago IL
Answer: Solutions to Sunlight and Indoor Light Glare
Types of Light Glare: Indirect & Direct
There are two kinds of glare: direct glare and indirect glare.
Direct glare is caused by light coming directly into the eye from the light source.
Indirect glare is caused by reflected light (see our photo at page top).
Strategies for Controlling Glare in buildings
As we elaborate below, you can control glare and reduce glaring light complaints in buildings by one or more of the following six methods:
You can control glare by reducing the brightness or size of the light source, changing the position of the light source, or making the area around the light source brighter.
We assume that the complaints about glare come from long exposure, since short term exposure to glare can usually be tolerated. We also assume that you can't rearrange the building or room to change the relationship between the light source, work surface, and the workers themselves in order to change the angles of light and light reflection to simply eliminate the problem.
The size of the light source in your building too is fixed, unless you block out some of the entering sunlight with an opaque material.
So what measures are left to reduce indoor glaring light problems?
You could reduce the contrast between the incoming light and the surrounding surfaces by increasing the lighting level on the interior surfaces with electric lighting.
But it seems that your best bet is limiting the brightness of the light source.
If you need year-round help, use window films. Window films can cut out anywhere from 45 to 86 percent of the incoming light. If view is not important, permanent louvers may do.
If you want seasonal control over glaring light, use movable or removable shades or blinds. Interior choices for glaring light source control include vertical or horizontal blinds(discussed in more detail at SOLAR SHADES & SUNSCREENS).
External choices for glaring light control include woven fiberglass shades or aluminum mini-louvers.
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Technical Reviewers & References
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