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EXTERIORS of buildings
ADHESIVES, EXTERIOR CONSTRUCTION
AGE of a BUILDING - how to determine
ALGAE, FUNGUS, LICHENS, MOSS
ANIMAL ENTRY POINTS in buildings
ANIMAL or URINE ODOR SOURCE DETECTION
ARCHITECTURE & BUILDING COMPONENT ID
ATTIC CONDENSATION CAUSE & CURE
BARK SIDE UP on DECKS & STEPS
BASEMENT WALKOUTS & COVERS
BEST CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES GUIDE
BRICK FOUNDATIONS & WALLS
BRICK STRUCTURAL WALL Loose Bulged
BRICK WALL THERMAL EXPANSION CRACKS
BRICK VENEER WALL Loose, Bulged
BRICK WALL DRAINAGE WEEP HOLES
BOOKSTORE - EXTERIORS
BUILDING SAFETY HAZARDS GUIDE
CAULK GUN TYPES, CHOICES
CAULKS & SEALANTS, EXTERIOR
CHIMNEY INSPECTION DIAGNOSIS REPAIR
COLUMNS & POSTS, DEFECTS
CONNECTORS, FASTENERS, TIES
DECK & PORCH CONSTRUCTION
DECK CONSTRUCTION BEST PRACTICES
DECK COLLAPSE Case Study
DECK FINISHES COATINGS PRESERVATIVES
DECK FLASHING LEAKS, ROT Case Study
DEFINITIONS of ENGINEERED WOOD OSB LVL etc
DRYWELLS, FRENCH DRAINS for FLAT SITES
EARTHQUAKE DAMAGED FOUNDATIONS
EIFS & STUCCO EXTERIORS
EXTERIOR WALL SIDING TRIM & FINISHES
FLASHING MEMBRANES PEEL & STICK
FLASHING for METAL ROOFS
FLASHING ROOF WALL DETAILS
FLASHING ROOF-WALL SNAFU
FLASHING SIDING DETAILS
FLASHING WALL DETAILS
FLASHING WINDOW DETAILS
FLASHING WOOD ROOF DETAILS
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FROST HEAVES, FOUNDATION, SLAB
FOOTING & FOUNDATION DRAINS
GALVANIC SCALE & METAL CORROSION
GLUES ADHESIVES, EXTERIOR CONSTRUCTION
GRADING, DRAINAGE & SITE WORK
GUTTERS & DOWNSPOUTS
HEAT TAPES & CABLES on Roofs for Ice Dams
HOUSE PARTS, DEFINITIONS
HOUSEWRAP / SHEATHING WRAP
HOUSEWRAP INSTALLATION DETAILS
HOUSEWRAP PRODUCT CHOICES
HOUSEWRAP at SILLS, SOLES, TOP PLATES
HUMIDITY LEVEL TARGET
ROOF ICE DAM LEAKS
INSECT INFESTATION / DAMAGE
KIT HOMES, Aladdin, Sears, Wards, Others
LEAD POISONING HAZARDS GUIDE
LEAD TEST KIT for HOME USE
LEED GREEN BUILDING CERTIFICATION
LOG HOME GUIDE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PRIORITIES
METAL LATH, PLASTER & STUCCO
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
MOISTURE PROBLEMS: CAUSE & CURE
MOLD DETECTION & INSPECTION GUIDE
MVOCs & MOLDY MUSTY ODORS
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
PAINT & STAIN GUIDE, EXTERIOR
PAINT & STAIN LIFE CHART
PAINT & STAIN SELECTION & PROCEDURES
PAINT ANALYSIS, DIAGNOSTIC USES
PAINT ANALYSIS, TYPICAL COSTS
PAINT FAILURE ANALYSIS LAB PHOTOS
PAINT FALURE, DIAGNOSIS, CURE, PREVENTION
PAINT FAILURE DICTIONARY
PAINT LAB SAMPLE PREPARATION
PAINT SURFACE PREPARATION
PORCHES & Sunrooms
PORCH CONSTRUCTION & SCREENING
RAILINGS, DECK & PORCH
RETAINING WALL DESIGNS, TYPES, DAMAGE
RETAINING WALL GUARD RAILINGS
ROOF ARCHITECTURAL STYLES - PHOTO GUIDE
ROOF CLEANING RECOMMENDATIONS
ROOF COLOR RECOMMENDATIONS
ROOF DORMER TYPES - PHOTO GUIDE
ROOF VENTILATION SPECIFICATIONS
ROT, FUNGUS, INSECT DAMAGE
ROT RESISTANT LUMBER
ROT, TIMBER FRAME
ROT, TIMBER ASSESSMENT
SEARS KIT HOUSES
SHEATHING, GYPSUM BOARD
FIBERBOARD SHEATHING, Celotex Homasote & Other
SHEATHING, FOIL FACED - VENTS
SIDING TYPES, INSTALLATION, DEFECTS
SIDING, ASBESTOS CEMENT
SIDING ASPHALT ROOF SHINGLES on WALLS
SIDING ASPHALT SHINGLE or SHEET
SIDING DAMAGE by SPLASHBACK
SIDING EIFS & STUCCO
SIDING, FIBER CEMENT
SIDING, WOOD PRODUCT CHOICES
SIDING, WOOD INSTALLATION
SIDING WOOD, FAILURES OVER FOAM BOARD
SIDING WOOD, FLASHING DETAILS
SIDING WOOD SHINGLE INSTALLATION
SINKHOLES, WARNING SIGNS
SOUND CONTROL in buildings
STAIN & BIODETERIORATION AGENT CATALOG
STAINS on & in BUILDINGS, CAUSES & CURES
STAINS on CONCRETE
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING EXTERIORS
STAINS on/near CHIMNEYS
STAINS on ROOFS
STAINS on STONE
STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS
STONE CLEANING METHODS
STONE VENEER WALLS
STRAW BALE CONSTRUCTION
STUCCO WAll FAILURES DUE TO WEATHER
STUCCO WALL METHODS & INSTALLATION
STUCCO OVER FOAM INSULATION
STUCCO PAINT FAILURES
SURFACE GRADING, SITE DRAINAGE
TEST KITS for DUST, MOLD, PARTICLE TESTS
Thermal Expansion Cracking of Brick
THERMAL EXPANSION of MATERIALS
THERMAL IMAGING, THERMOGRAPHY
THERMAL IMAGING MOLD SCANS
THERMAL MASS in BUILDINGS
TREES & SHRUBS, TRIM OFF BUILDING
TRIM, EXTERIOR CHOICES, INSTALLATION
VAPOR BARRIERS & CONDENSATION in buildings
VENTILATION in BUILDINGS
VINYL CHLORIDE HEALTH INFO
VINYL SIDING or WINDOW PLASTIC ODORS
VOCs VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
WALL CONSTRUCTION BARRIER vs CAVITY
WATER BARRIERS, EXTERIOR BUILDING
WATER ENTRY in buildings
WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS
WIND TURBINES & LIGHTNING
WINDOWS & DOORS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
Building exteriors & building sites: these articles explain how to find, diagnose, and repair building exterior defects on residential and most commercial buildings, including chimneys, decks, drives, exterior paint and stain, gutters, patios, rot, mold, or termite damage, exterior stairs and railings, wall siding and trim, windows, doors, & walks.
From choosing an adhesive to water entry & winterizing a building we explain how to diagnose & cure troubles on the building exterior. This website explains to find, diagnose, repair & prevent building exterior building & building site defects for most building types and properties.
Green links show where you are. © Copyright 2014 InspectApedia.com, All Rights Reserved.
Building exterior troubleshooting from A to Z: seelinks listed at the "More Reading" links at the bottom of this article or scroll down to see detailed articles on building exterior component inspection, diagnosis, and repair. chimneys, vinyl siding, hardboard siding, synthetic stucco, lightning protection, paint failures, oil storage tanks, roof leaks, slate roofing, asphalt shingle roofing, and septic systems.
This includes explanation of causes of building exterior defects, how to spot them, how to repair them, and how to prevent them.
Building exterior troubleshooting topics explained include attic condensation, chimneys, environmental hazards, vinyl siding defects, masonite or other hardboard siding, exterior paint failures, lightning protection, above ground and buried oil tanks, septic systems, termites, and structural rot. proper use of vapor barriers,
We explain how to identify, diagnose, repair or prevent building defects and environmental hazards associated with building exteriors, site conditions and the building envelope. Links on this page direct the reader either directly into an in-depth article on the topic or to our collection of such articles.
A Quick Photo Guide to Building Architectural Styles
See ARCHITECTURE & BUILDING COMPONENT ID for our quick photo/image guide to residential building architectural styles, building types, roof shapes and types, window types
Building Exterior Problems: Inspection, Diagnosis, Repair
See WINDOWS & DOORS for our complete list of articles on building skylights, doors and windows, including the topics listed just below.
There have been substantial building failures and costly damage at many EIFS covered buildings, primarily because the EIFS-covered building exterior may leak into the building walls but the foam insulation used beneath this stucco method may not allow moisture to escape from building cavities.
Hardboard, Composite, List of "Masonite"-type Siding Failures & Claims Information, Hardboard Siding Failure Diagnosis, Repair, Proper Installation
Hardboard, Composite, "Masonite"-type Siding: failure and leak inspection, siding repair, siding litigation, hardboard siding class action lawsuits and settlements are listed here
Hardboard siding failure, inspection, diagnosis, repair, and warranty claim links are given just below. For full information on hardboard siding, see SIDING HARDBOARD.
Note: Some construction writers are of the opinion that Fiber cement building siding, originated by James Hardie Products (HardiePlank®) is a more durable alternative to hardboard siding. Other fiber cement siding product lines include Maxi-Panel, Maxi-Plank, Cemplank, & FortaFiber.
Vapor Barriers on and in buildings; needed behind vinyl siding
Vinyl siding used as building exterior wall cladding has its own installation requirements, inspection methods (which should look for failure-related installation errors such as improper detailing of J-channel around windows, as well as its own reporting and repair requirements.
Continue reading at BASEMENT LEAKS, INSPECT FOR or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Comments & Kudos:
(July 13, 2011) mike velluci said: love this site . thanks
July 13, 2011) Contractor Plus,construction and said:
We regularly check your site and are thankful for your dedications . With many issues to deal with in this industry , you have made confirming and retrieving information a pleasure and enjoyable . thanks again from Alpharetta GA.
Thanks for those nice comments. We are dedicated to making our information as accurate, complete, useful, and unbiased as possible: we very much welcome critique, questions, or content suggestions for our web articles. Working together and exchanging information makes us better informed than any individual can be working alone.
InspectAPedia is an independent publisher of building, environmental, and forensic inspection, diagnosis, and repair information for the public - we have no business nor financial connection with any manufacturer or service provider discussed at our website.
Question: integral J-channel windows &c with fiber cement siding?
(Dec 3, 2011) Steve Smallman steve@stevesmallm said:
Dan, have you seen any research or articles about the increasingly common practice of using integral-J-channel windows, and other trim such as cornerboards, with fiber-cement siding. i.e. letting water run behind the siding around the windows and supposedly "weep" out?
[James] Hardie even has a tech bulletin on it, but it seems like they are confusing rain screen and rain barrier systems?
[Steve Smallman is a professional home inspector in Raleigh, NC - Ed. ]
Steve, we've published quite a bit on this topic - I provide article links just below. It seems to me that improper housewrap installation (incomplete, holes, tears, lapped wrong way) combined with inadequate flahing around wall penetrations is more of a problem than the fiber cement siding itself, though of course builder and owner complaints, questions, and comments about modern fiber cement siding products continue to crop up - as I also cite below.
(Jan 17, 2012) amanda said:
How to choose green fiber cement board?
Amanda, greenboard is not fiber cement board - if we're talking about the same thing. Greenboard is a water resistant drywall used in kitchens and baths; cement board is a more water-resistant substitute for drywall (or for greenboard) and is often preferred by bath wall tile installers.
(Jan 5, 2013) bob said:
i have 3 situations where faux stone is installed on exteriors and there are pcs falling from the buildings. we have investigated and have found no common element the manufacturer has assured us that the stone is not to blame so that leaves the installation ???? any thoughts?
The stone itself may not be at fault but several installation errors could result in loss of stone veneer including:
- dirt on stone surfaces at time of installation led to poor adhesion
- failure to use proper mastic, masonry mix, bonding adhesive, or failure to mix and apply it accroding to the manufacturer's instructions
- absence of sufficient wall ties
- water leaking behind and into the veneer structure, especially if your building is in a freezing climate
- other building movement (unlikely but possible)
Send us (use the CONTACT US link) sharp photos of the building walls where this problem is ocurring, as well as closeups of the surface from which the veneer fell, and closeups of the surface of the stone that should have been adhered to the surface and we may be able to comment further.
(May 22, 2014) Chris said:
sounds like a bald automotive tire question ?
Question: foundation cover-up
(May 27, 2014) Anonymous said:
what can i use to go right over egly foundation only foot tall
Don't extend the coating out past the siding without also installing a cap flashing.
Questions & answers or comments about troubleshooting, installing, repairing, & maintaining the exteriors of buildings.
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