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AGE of a BUILDING - how to determine
AIR POLLUTANTS, COMMON INDOOR
ASBESTOS CEILING TILES, Asbestos-Containing
ASBESTOS & FIBER CEMENT ROOFING
ASBESTOS CEMENT SIDING
ASBESTOS DUCTS, HVAC
ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE IDENTIFICATION
ASBESTOS FLOORING HAZARD REDUCTION
ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE IDENTIFICATION
ASBESTOS FLOORING REMOVAL GUIDE
ASBESTOS-FREE INSULATION MATERIALS
ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN BUILDINGS
ASBESTOS LIST of PRODUCTS
ASBESTOS MATERIAL REGULATIONS
ASBESTOS PHOTO GUIDE to MATERIALS
ASBESTOS REMOVAL CERTIFICATION
ASBESTOS REMOVAL, INCOMPLETE
ASBESTOS REMOVAL, WETTING GUIDE
ASBESTOS RISK ASSESSMENT
ASBESTOS TESTING LAB LIST
ASBESTOS UNDER the MICROSCOPE
CATHEDRAL CEILING INSULATION
CEILING FINISHES INTERIOR
CEILINGS, DROP or SUSPENDED PANEL
CEILINGS & WALLS, PLASTER TYPES
CERAMIC TILE, ASBESTOS in?
FLOOR TILE HISTORY & INGREDIENTS
FLOOR TILES ASBESTOS
INDOOR AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT GUIDE
INSULATION IDENTIFICATION GUIDE
METAL LATH, PLASTER & STUCCO
PLASTER TYPE IDENTIFICATION
SAFETY HAZARDS & INSPECTIONS
WORLD TRADE CENTER 9-11 DUST PHOTOS
Vinyl-asbestos floor tile photos for 1973 & surrounding years: photo guide to asphalt asbestos and vinyl asbestos floor tiles, 1900 -1986: this article series provides a guide to identifying asphalt-asbestos flooring (1917 - ca 1960) & vinyl asbestos floor tile (ca 1952 - 1986): identification photographs, product names, styles, colors, and vinyl-asbestos floor patterns, and colors for asbestos-containing floor tile products made between about 1930 and 1986 - flooring materials that are reported to or have been confirmed to contain asbestos in asbestos fiber or asbestos powder-filler form.
These flooring products typically contain chrysotile asbestos, and possibly other asbestos forms. Some of the tile adhesive mastics used also contained asbestos.
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1973 - Armstrong Excelon Vinyl Asbestos Floor Tiles, Complete Pattern & Color Guide, 9x9 & 12x12-inch
For colors for which a link is not provided below, see the earlier occurrence of that tile color in a previous year.
[Click to enlarge any image]
Floor tiles shown above correspond left to right to the patterns named below where we also include links to additional colors for each style or pattern.
Floor tiles shown above correspond left to right to the patterns named below where we also include links to additional colors for each style or pattern.
Also see two embossed versions of the Travertine floor tile identification pattern
Below are reader-supplied photographs of Armstrong's Custom Bisque vinyl asbestos floor tile (second from right in our thumbnails above). At below left the floor is in good condition in a 1983 home while at below-right the flooring is in very poor condition in a 1970's building. [Click to enlarge any image]
The Armstrong vinyl asbestos floor tile patterns listed below correspond with the thumbnails shown above , from left to right, with links to additional colors for each style
The vinyl asbestos floor tiles below are smooth-surfaced, not embossed:
Complete Photo Guide to Standard Vinyl Asbestos Floor Tile Patterns & Colors in 12x12" and 9x9" - Armstrong - example year: 1973
The Armstrong standard floor tiles shown in the two photographs above are the Armstrong Standard 9"x9" vinyl asbestos tile popular over many years with versions sold as early as 1955. Above left are Osage Green and Seneca White tiles. Below are color guides to all of the colors of these floor tiles that were produced in 1973. Many of these colors and some others were also produced before and after that year.
Standard 12x12 Asbestos Vinyl Floor Tiles - 1973 - al colors
These standard tile patterns were sold in 12" x 12" x 1/8" gauge - contrast them with the standard 9"
Standard 9x9 Asphalt Tiles - not Vinyl Asbestos - from 1973 - all colors
Asphalt asbestos and vinyl-asbestos floor tiles were produced in 9" x 9", 12" x 12", and even 18" x 18" as well as in decorative strips, and in thicknesses of 1/16", 3/32", and 1/8", also in 0.08 gauge. Some sheet flooring or resilient flooring also contained asbestos, as did floor tile mastics.
This photo guide to asphalt asbestos & vinyl asbestos floor tiles for each year shows at least one color photo of each floor tile style or pattern in an example color. A list below each group of photos includes the names of and links to additional photos for other colors of these styles.
Asbestos is safe and legal to remain in homes or public buildings as long as the asbestos materials are in good condition and the asbestos can not be released into the air.
To identify a particular asphalt-asbestos or vinyl-asbestos floor tile pattern & color, start in the image group most likely to be the same age as your building.
If you don't find your floor tile or sheet flooring by looking forward from that that year, you should also look backwards in the earlier years as your specific flooring pattern & color may have first appeared in an earlier year. For other tile brands than Armstrong, see the brand name floor tile links included in this list.
If you can identify your floor tile collection name or model number, or if you recognize it in the extensive library of flooring color and pattern photographs provided in these pages, laboratory testing of the sample to screen the flooring for asbestos may be unnecessary.
If you do not know the brand name of your flooring you can take a quick look at example photos of the product line of each manufacturer given at More Reading below.
Continue reading at 1974-1979 ARMSTRONG FLOOR TILE GUIDE, COMPETE or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below.
Suggested citation for this web page
1973- ARMSTRONG ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE, COMPLETE GUIDE at InspectApedia.com - online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: Armstrong diecut inserts from around 1952 - ways to seal these floors?
Am looking for information on Armstrong diecut inserts from around 1952. Also are there any recommended ways to seal these floors so you can enjoy the look but without any asbestos concerns? Thanks, Sarah - Sarah 6/23/11
Reply: gentle cleaning followed by floor restorer clear coating protects from asbestos fiber release
As you can see at ASBESTOS FLOORING LEFT IN PLACE, we just did this recently in a New York home. The floor was washed with mild detergent and water. Then we used a spray cleaner recommended by the floor resetorer manufacturer. The spray cleaner removes old wax residues. Next we used a magic marker to color in some gouges that had marred the floor surface. Finally we coated the flooring with the floor restorer product. The floor looked new, and great.
Also see ASBESTOS FLOORING HAZARD REDUCTION for more ways to reduce the asbestos hazard in asbestos-suspect or presumed asbestos-containing flooring.
Question: 12x12 code 422 80 made by Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. Plant C Akron, Oh
Do you have info about whether the following 2 tiles contain asbestos?
My previous email had a typo-- 2. should read Amtico Duravinyl.
Question: asbestos tiles under carpeting
Found what I believe to be asbestos tiles under carpet in all 4 bedrooms of a house my daughter purchased. The house is 100 + age so this indicates these tiles would be asbestos. Some are damaged through age and also have been stapled to hold the underpad of carpeting and also the carpet tack around the edges. What is the hazard of the staples and tack? Should we be concerned about fiber leakage thru these holes and various damage in the rooms. Thank you - Leaha 9/7/11
Question: identifying various other brands and product numbers of floor tiles
do you know if the SEARS brand HOMART 64-7169 asphalt floor tile contained asbestos? - Paul Wright 9/22/11
Have you heard of Dura Floor Plastic Asphalt Tiles? Do they contain asbestos? - Jo Lynn Judka 10/24/11
I have 12" x 12" tile in the basement just like the pattern San Roque Gold 57161 from 1980.
Is there a way I can forward someone a photo of a school floor to determine if it contains asbestos? I am unable to get back into the building It is closed, but the school dept wants to open it again and is saying that there isn't a problem. I looked through the tiles on your site, but oculdn't find an exact match. The school was built in 1950-1960, but we have no evidence that the tiles have been replaced. Can you help? -
we have an armstrong floor tile (black color) with the following numbers on the back L4 1230 021898. We don't know the year it was installed. Does it contain asbestos? Is there a way to cross reference these numbers? - Dan 5/1/12
We have the San Roque pattern sheet vinyl. Did Armstrong use the same patterns at a later date for their sheet vinyl but without asbestos? We have already started to remove it and I am concerned. - Sue 10/24/2012
We have vinyl sheet flooring that was put in about mid 1984. Is this anything to worry about? When exactly was asbestos banned in the manufacture of sheet flooring? - Peter 11/6/2012
David, naturally by email alone no one can say with certainty whether or not a floor tile contains asbestos, but if your flooring matches one of the ACM floor tiles we illustrate here, AND if you are confident about the age (as you suggest) most likely it is an asbestos-containing product. And yes, for sure there were some peel-and-stick floor tiles that contained asbestos in the tile baking.
JoLynn, sorry we don't have information about DuraFloor plastic asphalt tiles. Do you know the age of the product? You're welcome to send us photos (see the CONTACT link at top, side, bottom of our pages), and I'll research further. Certainly up to the early 1980's many asphalt floor tile products contained asbestos.
Dan, while we have published product and lot numbers for some floor tile products, there are just too many of them, thousands. Unlike mechanical equipment like water heaters or furnaces, I have not found a standard of correlation between product numbers and date of manufacture, though it probably was included in widely varying ways by individual manufacturers.
Question: how much asbestos was in floor tile?
How much asbestos did the Armstrong Excelon Standard 12"x12" tiles contain - Loretta D 12/21/11
How much asbestos did the Armstrong Excelon vinyl asbestos floor tiles contain (12"x12", 1972/1973)? - Loretta 12/22/11
Hi! Would you expect the armstrong corlon resilent flooring with the hydrocord backing from the mid 1960s to contain significant amounts of asbestos? I am trying to find some information on it as I think that may be what is in our home...the only info I can find is that the backing probably did contain an asbestos and latex composite...I am wondering how likely the composite material would become easily friable if we attempted to remove it... - Kate 2/16/12
Loretta, lacking hard science facts I have to give an OPINION that the material is high in asbestos content because in addition to asbestos fibers that gave strength to the tiles, many such floor tiles included a high level of asbestos filler - very ultrafine particles. We'd need to have a sample for specific testing to obtain an content level measurement.
Question: I started demolishing asbestos-suspect flooring and now my wife is worried. What are my options?
Hi there, being naive and not aware that floor tiles may contain asbestos - I began removing some older tiles from under the carpet in my kids room. After seeing a warning on a Home Depot website - we stopped the removal. Is there any way of testing or visually confirming the possibility of it containing asbestos? I was working in the area for approximately 2 hours without any breathing apartus, etc. What are my options at this point? My wife is freaking out. Thanks - Sean M 1/22/12
Sure: you can send a sample of flooring to a certified asbestos test lab.
It might be a bit early to freak out; if yhou haven't made a dusty mess or ground or sawn old flooring the dust level should be rather low; most flooring products are not very friable.
If you have made a dusty mess, some proper cleanup (damp wiping, HEPA vacuuming) is probably in order, followed by a simple screening check.
Question: I'm having trouble using the small tile identification images
I think I've looked through all the photos here and fortunately, the only one that appears to resemble what I have is in the "1989 & Later Armstrong Accoflex Series Flooring Tiles" image just above this comment box. UNfortuneately, it is very difficult to be sure from this small image and i am sure what I have is NOT from the UK.
The tiles I have are 12" x 12", 1/8" thick light blue and white (like streaked clouds on a blue sky) resembling "Spruce" above. The tiles are VERY heavy, quite inflexible and have very tiny sparkling crystals throughout. These physical apsects make me very uneasy. Since the tiles are at least 25 years or more old, should I be concerned? Where might I go for an expert opinion? Thanks. - Scott 2/1/2012
Reply: click on images to enlarge them
We'd be glad to take a look at some sharp photos of the floor tiles that you are trying to identify to see if we can help;
Also, for just about any image found at InspectApedia, just click the image to see a larger, more detailed version.
Question: Test Results for Armstrong Sheet Flooring - 70% Asbestos
In one of the asbestos pages of your site ( this page - Ed.), your second photo is of a sheet layment. The text about the photo clarifies that the person who sent the photo was confused about Armstrong and Congoleum.
I wanted to let you know that I have that exact same sheet layment and had it tested. It's 70% asbestos. Thought you may want to let readers know so they can save the cost of testing and just deal with the issue accordingly.
I appreciate your site. Thank you for taking the time to put together all the information. - D.H. 10/11/2012
Thank you so much D.H. for the floor covering test result confirming asbestos content in this material. We a welcome critique, questions, or content suggestions for our web articles, and as your feedback illustrates, working together and exchanging information makes us better informed than any individual can be working alone.
Question: How much asbestos hazard was I exposed to during our floor renovation project?
We recently partially demo'd a ceramic tile floor in the kitchen of a home built in 1970. We popped the ceramic tiles up with a pry bar and sledge hammer. Beneath the tiles was a linoleum floor covering. I've visually identified the flooring on your website. It is Armstrong, Excelon, Custon Burnham 1972, 57080 Blue.
How much asbestos does this contain? Also, we didn't bother peeling it all up because it was too difficult. We chipped up the remaining ceramic tile on top of it and just covered the remainder of the floor with plywood and fastened the plywood with split drive fasteners. We then nailed pine plank flooring over the plywood. Do we have any reason to worry about asbestos exposure??? My husband wore a dust mask. - Kelly McCullin 11/13/2012
I have ArmStrong sheet layment in my kicten.There was a layer of newer layment on top I did realize it was the orignal under it. The house was built in 1974. I removed about a there foot area before I realized it. If i was exsposed to it how much does it take to make you sick and what are the symptoms.I have to think I am not the only one who has done this. - David 11/28/2012
Reply: it depends ... Here is a list of some risk factors when removing flooring that may contain asbestos
David, and also Kelly McKullin:
If you have specific individual health questions those should be posed to your doctor who knows your personal health history
Question: is it true that Armstrong Excelon floors, even older ones, were asbestos free?
I saw the below narrative on yourwebsite
Shown at left: Armstrong Excelon Vinyl Floor tile, contemporary, popular, sold in 70 colors at retail outlets including Home Depot stores, this modern resilient floor tile does not contain asbestos. [Click any image to see an enlarged, detailed version]
the picture sort of looks like an old floor in a house I just bought a few weeks ago.. THe house was built probably early 1970's or mid 1970's are you saying the excelon vinyl floor, EVEN OLDER ONES were NOT asbestos? it is all so hard to tell as the floor looks like so many on your site> thanks E.K. 8/22/13
No. Older floors contained asbestos. Modern floors post about 1986 do not
but I read Excelon vinyl 1977 on did NOT, it was the only exception? at any rate I am upset my home inspector said it was not asbestos because it was 12 ft not 9 ft and obviously he did not know what he was talking about
I am not sure if this was original or they put it in years later which would still make it look old but might have been put in , in the 80's for all I know. just no way to know. I will put a vinyl floor over it shortly but I am living on this floor, excercising on it etc. it is in tact but one piece is damagd and has crumbling in a small area, so it will get covered with new floor
12 feet ? What are we talking about here? Perhaps you meant 12-inch vs 9-inch tiles? Asbestos-containing floor tiles were made in both of those sizes.
About the 1977-on I'd like to review the citation to which you refer. Can you give it?
If I were considering a home built even as late as the early 1980's, would not assume that Excelon vinyl nor other brands of asphalt-floor tiles nor vinyl floor tiles nor sheet flooring were asbetsos free - it was simply too tempting and too easy for an installer to use existing stock of flooring that might have been made earlier and that contained asbestos.
In such cases it would be prudent to presume the flooring contains asbestos - which as I've written, does not normally require costly heroic efforts: avoid types of demolition that create dust such as grinding or sawing or mass breakage, and follow the wetting and HEPA vacuuming guildelines.
If one were facing a costly job then it would make sense to actually test the flooring. If one had a home already made dusty by someone doing demolition then it might make sense to test a dust sample as well.
In all events, I am surprised that your home inspector presumes that only 9x9" tiles contained asbestos. That is not the case.
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