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AFUE DEFINITION, RATINGS
AGE of AIR CONDITIONERS & HEAT PUMPS
AGE of HEATERS, BOILERS, FURNACES
AIR CONDITIONING & HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
AIR FILTERS for HVAC SYSTEMS
AIR HANDLER / BLOWER UNITS
AIRBOUND HEAT SYSTEM REPAIR by WATER FEED VALVE
ANODES & DIP TUBES on WATER HEATERS
ANTIFREEZE for BOILERS
ANTI SCALD VALVES
ANIMAL ALLERGENS / PET DANDER
ANIMAL ENTRY POINTS in buildings
ANIMAL ODORS IN buildings
APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY RATINGS
ASBESTOS IDENTIFICATION IN buildings
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
BACKFLOW PREVENTERS, HEAT
BACKDRAFTING HEATING EQUIPMENT
BACKUP HEAT for HEAT PUMPS
BIOGAS PRODUCTION & USE
BLOWER DOORS & AIR INFILTRATION
BLOWER FAN CONTINUOUS OPERATION
BLOWER FAN OPERATION & TESTING
BLUE vs YELLOW COMBUSTION FLAMES
BOILER CHEMICAL TREATMENTS
BOILER COMPONENTS & PARTS
BOILER CONTROLS & SWITCHES
BOILER LEAKS CORROSION STAINS
BOILER LEAKS, HOW TO LOCATE
BOILER NOISE SMOKE ODORS
BOILER OPERATING PROBLEMS
BOILER OPERATING STEPS
BOILER PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE SETTINGS
BOOKSTORE - InspectAPedia
BTU USAGE MONITORS
BUILDING SAFETY HAZARDS GUIDE
CAPACITORS for HARD STARTING MOTORS
CARBON DIOXIDE - CO2
CARBON MONOXIDE - CO
CHEMICAL TREATMENTS for BOILERS
CHIMNEY INSPECTION DIAGNOSIS REPAIR
CHIMNEYS & Flues - Asbestos Transite Pipe
CHINESE DRYWALL HAZARDS
CIRCULATOR PUMPS & RELAYS
COOL OFF HEAT, Thermostat Switch
COMBUSTION AIR for TIGHT buildings
COMBUSTION GASES & PARTICLE HAZARDS
COMBUSTION PRODUCTS & IAQ
COMPLETE COMBUSTION, Stoichiometric
CREOSOTE FIRE HAZARDS
Curved Brick Chimneys - Sulphation
CONDENSING BOILERS/FURNACES DAMAGE
CONVECTOR HEATERS - HYDRONIC COILS
DEFINITION of Heating & Cooling Terms
DIAGNOSTIC GUIDES A/C / HEAT PUMP
DIAGNOSE & FIX HEATING PROBLEMS-BOILER
DIAGNOSE & FIX HEATING PROBLEMS-FURNACE
DIRECT VENTS / SIDE WALL VENTS
DIRECTORY of OIL TANK EXPERTS
DRAFT HOODS - gas fired
DRAFT MEASUREMENT, CHIMNEYS & FLUES
DRAFT REGULATORS, DAMPERS, BOOSTERS
DUCT SYSTEM & DUCT DEFECTS
DUST, HVAC CONTAMINATION STUDY
DUST SAMPLING PROCEDURE
ELECTRIC HEAT, DIAGNOSIS, REPAIR
ELECTRIC MOTOR DIAGNOSTIC GUIDE
ELECTRIC MOTOR OVERLOAD RESET SWITCH
ELECTRICAL POWER SWITCH FOR HEAT
EVAPORATIVE COOLING SYSTEMS
FAN, AIR HANDLER BLOWER UNIT
FAN AUTO ON Thermostat Switch
FAN, COMPRESSOR/CONDENSER UNIT
FAN CONVECTOR HEATERS - HYDRONIC COILS
FAN LIMIT SWITCH
FILTERS, AIR for HVAC SYSTEMS
FILTERS, OIL on HEATING EQUIPMENT
FIRE SAFETY CONTROLS
FIREPLACES & HEARTHS
FLAME COLOR, BLUE vs YELLOW COMBUSTION
FLOODED HEATING EQUIPMENT REPAIR
FLOODED WATER HEATER REPAIR
FLUE SIZE SPECIFICATIONS
FLUE VENT CONNECTORS
FREEZE-PROOF A BUILDING
FUEL OIL TYPES & CHARACTERISTICS
FUEL UNIT, HEATING OIL PUMPS
FURNACE CONTROLS & SWITCHES
FURNACE EFFICIENCY, HIGH vs MID
FURNACE HEAT EXCHANGER LEAKS
FURNACE OPERATION DETAILS
FURNACE OPERATING TEMPERATURES
GALVANIC SCALE & METAL CORROSION
GAS BURNER Flame & Noise Defects
GAS FIRED WATER HEATERS
GAS PIPING, VALVES, CONTROLS
HEAT EXCHANGER LEAK TEST
HEAT LOSS in BUILDINGS
HEAT LOSS DETECTION TOOLS
HEAT LOSS INDICATORS
HEAT LOSS PREVENTION PRIORITIES
HEAT LOSS R U & K VALUE CALCULATION
HEAT PUMPS, DIAGNOSIS, REPAIR
HEAT TAPES & CABLES on Roofs for Ice Dams
HEATING COST FUEL & BTU Cost Table
HEATING COST SAVINGS METHODS
HEATING LOSS DIAGNOSIS-BOILERS
HEATING LOSS DIAGNOSIS-FURNACES
HEATING OIL CLOUD WAX GEL POINT
HEATING OIL EXPOSURE HAZARDS, LIMITS
HEATING OIL - OLD, USEABLE?
HEATING OIL PIPING TROUBLES
HEATING OIL SHELF LIFE
HEATING OIL SLUDGE
HEATING OIL USAGE RATE
HEATING SMALL LOADS
HEATING SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR
HEATING SYSTEM NOISES
HEATING SYSTEM SERVICE FAQs
HEATING SYSTEM TYPES
HIGH EFFICIENCY BOILERS/FURNACES
HOT WATER HEATERS
HOT WATER IMPROVEMENT
INSULATION INSPECTION & IMPROVEMENT
LOW VOLTAGE BUILDING WIRING
LOW VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER TEST
LP & Natural Gas Safety Hazards
MANUALS & PARTS GUIDES - HVAC
MIXING / ANTI-SCALD VALVES
MOTOR OVERLOAD RESET SWITCH
NATURAL GAS COMBUSTION PRODUCTS
NO HEAT - BOILER
NO HEAT - FURNACE
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
NOISE AIR CONDITIONER / HEAT PUMP
NOISE, DUCT VIBRATION DAMPENERS
NOISE, HEATING SYSTEMS
NOISE, WATER HEATER
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS FROM HEATING SYSTEMS
OIL BURNER FUEL UNIT
OIL BURNER INSPECTION & REPAIR
OIL BURNER NOISE SMOKE ODORS
OIL BURNER NOZZLE & ELECTRODES
OIL BURNERS, RETENTION HEAD
OIL BURNER SOOT & PUFFBACKS
OIL FILTERS on HEATING EQUIPMENT
OIL FILTER MISSING
OIL FUEL TYPES & CHARACTERISTICS
OIL HEAT FIRE SAFETY CONTROLS
OIL LINE CLOGGING FIX
OIL LINE QUICK STOP VALVES
OIL LINE SAFETY VALVES
OIL FILL PIPE LEAKS
OIL PUMP FUEL UNIT
OIL SPILL CLEANUP / PREVENTION
PLASTIC HEATER VENT
PULSE COMBUSTION HEATERS
PRESSURE REDUCING VALVES
PRESSURE REGULATOR, WATER
PUFFBACKS, OIL BURNER
PUMPS, PONY PUMPS
RADIANT HEAT Floor Mistakes to Avoid
RADIANT HEAT TEMPERATURES
RADIANT SLAB FLOORING CHOICES
RADIANT SLAB TUBING & FLUID CHOICES
REFRIGERANTS & PIPING
RELIEF VALVE LEAKS
RELIEF VALVES - TP Valves on Boilers
RELIEF VALVES - STEAM TP VALVES
RELIEF VALVES - Water Heaters
RELIEF VALVES - Water Tanks
Reset Switch - Heater Primary Control
Reset Switch Broken - Quick Repair
RESET SWITCH - ELECTRIC MOTOR
Reset Switch - Stack Relays
SAFETY HAZARDS & INSPECTIONS
SAFETY HAZARDS GUIDE
SAFETY, HEATING INSPECTION
SAFETY RECALLS CHIMNEYS VENTS HEATERS
BLUE vs YELLOW COMBUSTION FLAMES
CHIMNEYS & Flues - Asbestos Transite
Goodman HTPV RECALL
Heat Recovery Ventilator RECALL
Lennox Furnace Manuals
Lennox SAFETY WARNING
PLASTIC Plexvent / Ultravent RECALL
Weil McLain RECALL
SOLAR HEATING SYSTEM DESIGNS
SOLAR HOT WATER HEATERS
SOOT on OIL FIRED HEATING EQUIPMENT
SPILL SWITCHES - Flue Gas Detection
SPLIT SYSTEM AIR CONDITIONERS & HEAT PUMPS
STACK RELAY SWITCHES
STAIN DIAGNOSIS on BUILDING INTERIORS
STEAM HEATING SYSTEMS
Thermal Expansion Cracking of Brick
THERMAL EXPANSION of HOT WATER
THERMAL EXPANSION of MATERIALS
THERMAL IMAGING, THERMOGRAPHY
THERMAL IMAGING MOLD SCANS
THERMAL MASS in BUILDINGS
THERMAL TRACKING & HEAT LOSS
THERMOSTATS, HEATING / COOLING
TRANSITE PIPE CHIMNEYS & FLUES
VIDEO GUIDES: Heating System Videos
VIDEO GUIDES - InspectAPedia.com
WATER HEATER SAFETY
WATER HEATERS for HOME HEATING USE?
WATER HEATER NOISES
WATER HEATER SCALE - De-Liming Procedure
WATER HEATER SCALE PREVENTION
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
WOOD, COAL STOVES & FIREPLACES
WOOD STOVE SAFETY
Safety and carbon monoxide warnings regarding Blueray heating systems: this document contains the recall notice for unsafe Blueray heating equipment, and continues to add additional history, technical details, and photographs to aid consumers and home inspectors in identifying this equipment. Blueray blueflame furnaces and boilers have been recalled by the US CPSC as unsafe equipment which can cause fatal carbon monoxide poisoning. In an earlier, now obsolete notice, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in October 1987, warned that lack of proper maintenance of Blueray "Blue Flame" furnaces or boilers could lead to carbon monoxide poisoning. Blueray Systems, Inc. of Schuylkill Haven, Pa., issued an alert to oil heat technicians, distributors, and to homeowners of the importance of careful maintenance of the units.
Also see BLUE vs YELLOW COMBUSTION FLAMES - the Blueray history and blue flame vs. yellow flame combustion, flame color & combustion efficiency, & how oil competes with gas as a heating fuel and see CARBON MONOXIDE WARNING.
Green links show where you are. © Copyright 2013 InspectAPedia.com, All Rights Reserved.
CPSC Warns of Potential For Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Involving Blueray "BLUE FLAME" Furnaces And Boilers
According to the Commission, since 1979 there have been seven deaths from carbon monoxide poisonings that have been linked to improper maintenance or servicing of the Blueray "blue flame" furnaces or boilers.
The firm is working through oil heat distributors and organizations servicing these distributors, to notify all persons living in homes where these furnaces have been installed, Consumers are being reminded that annual maintenance of the equipment is necessary for safety and efficiency.
The need for this specialized maintenance is due to the design of the equipment for high-efficiency heating which requires annual servicing. Each household is also being supplied with a label to permanently attach to the furnace/boiler which alerts the home owner and the servicer of the necessity for strict adherence to all service and maintenance procedures prescribed by the firm.
Consumers can determine if their furnace/boiler is one involved in this alert program by looking for a blue and white label on the equipment which reads "BLUERAY by Blueray Systems, Inc."
The model number, BR 60/75, appears on a white label. Consumers having these furnaces should immediately contact Blueray Systems, Inc., to receive their free safety label, as well as copies of publications which describe the proper procedures for maintenance and service. Blueray can be reached by calling collect on 215-789-6224 or by writing to: Blueray Systems, Inc., 8301 Lansdowne Avenue, Upper Darby, Pa 19082.
To report unsafe consumer products or to receive safety information, call the CPSC toll-free hotline number at 800-638-CPSC. A teletypewriter number for the hearing impaired is 800-638-8270.
Wanted: photographs of BlueRay heating systems & field failure case reports. CONTACT us.
During the U.S. heating oil shortage in the 1970's many heating companies began marketing "high efficiency" heating equipment to allow homeowners to save on heating oil costs. One model, the Blueray boiler, marketed by Blueray systems, the "blue flame" boiler (or furnace) was particularly tricky to tune. In adjusting the air mixture one had to follow a very precise procedure specified by the manufacturer.
If the procedure was not followed in the right order, even though the ending system setup appeared the same and test measurements appeared proper, the system would produce carbon monoxide - a potentially lethal hazard. Heating technicians didn't necessarily know that it made a difference to adjust to the proper combustion air mixture by coming up from lean to rich rather than from rich to lean.
By 1979 at least seven people had died from carbon monoxide poisoning (I believe deaths occurred on Long Island, in New York), A safety recall notice was issued by the U.S. CPSC.
In a move that seemed too little too late, a special safety warning label was provided by Blueray. I include that safety warning label image here in the off chance that it may help readers identify a Blueray or "Blue Ray" Blue Flame heating boiler or furnace.
Later models of the Blueray heating boiler (Blueray furnaces were also manufactured) attempted to correct these safety concerns but the company did not survive its image as dangerous.
The Thermodynamics Boiler Company purchased the remains of the defunct "Blueray Systems", redesigned the heating equipment, and marketed it under several names which included the "Blueray" appellation. Those service people "in the know" realized that the Thermodynamics version of Blueray was a different animal and did not have the same safety concerns as the original.
But many home inspectors and home owners saw only the "Blueray" label and immediately called for replacement, even if it was a "Thermodynamics" Blueray heater.
Most Blueray's are now long gone from most homes as they were steel boilers most of which have by now rusted out of service, regardless of which model. But occasionally you may come across one of these which has been preserved in use. If the boiler is a Blueray manufactured by Blueray Systems, it is dangerous and should not be used.
These model numbers appeared on a white label such as the Blueray label shown above.
More Details about Blueray Heating Boilers and Furnaces and the Safety Recall
The following was a consumer handout which we provided to home inspection and heating system clients from 1975 to present.
CPSC Original Warning Issued on Blueray Boilers
The notice which follows is obsolete - this equipment has since been recalled. This information is provided below for technical research only.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in October 1987, warned that lack of proper maintenance of Blueray "Blue Flame" furnaces or boilers could lead to carbon monoxide poisoning. Blueray Systems, Inc. of Schuylkill Haven, Pa., issued an alert to oil heat technicians, distributors, and to homeowners of the importance of careful maintenance of the units. Even if the model number of your system is different from the specific ones for which the warning was issued you should have your service person check this system for proper operation promptly. The check itself should be an inexpensive service call.
Annual Service Important
The CPSC reminds consumers that annual maintenance of these units is necessary. The units can be identified by a blue and white label reading "Blueray by Blueray Systems Inc." The model number BR 60-75 appears on a white label.
Long Island home-heating industry sources said the more complex Blue Flame system requires special adjustment equipment. It also employs a more sensitive fuel consumption method more likely to produce the deadly gas if regular maintenance is ignored. According to CPSC seven deaths from carbon monoxide poisoning have been linked to poor maintenance of these systems. Blueray sold 21,000 of these systems between 1974 and 1983.
Consumers who have these furnaces or boilers can obtain additional information by calling Blueray collect at 215/789-6224 or by writing Blueray Systems Inc., 8301 Lansdowne Ave., Upper Darby, PA., 19082. Sources: Nassau County Office of Consumer Affairs, reported in Newsday, 10/30/87; Blueray Systems, Inc. Safety Notice letter indicates that copies of Blueray's Operation, Maintenance and Installation Procedures, its Technical Training Guide, and its recent Field Service Bulletin may be obtained free of charged by calling Blueray Collect at 800/338-9681.
Blueray Field Service Bulletin Notes
Service departments receiving calls from Blueray owners complaining of odors and/or pulsation should instruct homeowners to turn the emergency switch off until a serviceman arrives.
Hand held carbon monoxide analyzer should show no measurable carbon monoxide in the flue gases. (CO2 should read 12.5-13.5%). The bulletin offers added detail for assuring that measurements and adjustments are done properly.
When setting the unit for proper air mixture always start with the air band fully open, close it until proper CO2 reading is reached. Close it further - if CO2 continues to climb you are on the "right side of the curve" and should then re-open the air band to proper CO2 reading. If it does not continue to climb you are on the "wrong side of the curve" in air-starved mode and are producing carbon monoxide (CO).
The unit should not be operated until corrective steps have been taken and there is no measurable CO in the stack.
Blue Ray or Blueray Safety Warning Update (January 2007)
OPINION: the following comments are provided in response to correspondence from some readers who have observed that the original US CPSC warnings regarding this equipment are difficult to locate at the US CPSC website:
It is possible the US Government has decided to remove some of its product safety recall information (regarding Blueray Heating Systems) from the market, either because of the age of the issue and the relatively few original BlueRay heaters which remain in use or perhaps for other more obscure reasons such as industry pressure - after all, a dangerous boiler is bad press for the heating equipment industry and the heating fuel folks too.
The reason we have the listed data such as model numbers (see above) is that we have been tracking this issue and keeping all of the information that was originally released.
Heating service technicians don't want to service your BlueRay furnace or boiler, if it's one of the problem ones (originals) because they know about the hazards and don't want the responsibility of touching a system that is tricky to tune, has a dangerous reputation, and is vulnerable to modification by an untrained person after the heating service technician has left the site.
In use of the words "recall" versus "safety warning" it is possible that in our original description (and repetition of the original text) a "CPSC Product Recall" was never put into effect, and instead, a safety warning was issued. For example, it is possible that the CPSC and companies involved agreed that the two CPSC consumer warning notices were sufficient.
When Blueray systems were in widespread use, people working in the heating industry as independent service and repair contractors were in agreement that the boiler had to be replaced, or had to be serviced and adjusted ONLY by someone who was well trained and who followed the service procedure precisely.
A real fear among heating service people is that even if they do precise and correct work, nothing prevents a homeowner or someone else from coming along after them and changing a setting or component to make the system unsafe. The additional level of care needed and the risk of a possible fatality was enough to cause most service people to refuse to service the boiler at all, and to call for its replacement.
Building owners who have one of the original Blueray boilers or furnaces installed (which should be rare given their present age) should replace the boiler. For ethical reasons however, we can't however, recommend a specific replacement brand of heating boiler or furnace.
Other Blueray Boiler Service Notes and Contact Information
For information about Blueray systems more than 5 years old contact Blueray Corporation, 1/800-338-9681. (Jim Salls is one of the engineers there.)
For information about more recent Blueray Systems, for example the VTF models made by Thermodynamics Corp. contact that company at 717/385-0745. (John Minchoff is one of the engineers there.) These newer boilers are referred to in the trade as having a "yellow flame" burner rather than the "blue flame" units mentioned above, and generally use burners provided by Beckett(TM).
According to the CPSC's compliance officer consumers can also try contacting Thermo-Dynamics Boiler Company (Blueray or Blue Ray Blue Flame Heating Equipment) Rob Glinskas, Route 61 - P.O. Box 325, Schuylkill Haven, PA 17972, Phone: (570) 385-0731, Fax: (570) 385-5304, http://www.thermodynamicsboiler.com/ [Email T/D Potts to DJF 9/29/2006]
On some Blueray VTF models we've found (Daniel Friedman) sooting and burnout or burn marks inside jacket covers (not always visible without disassembling the system). This problem may be caused by loss of an internal cap seal at top of the fire chamber and may be evident only if the system is run dirty or improperly adjusted so as to have positive backpressure in the fire chamber. It can be checked for by removing covers during service. Repair, provided the fire chamber is not damaged, should not involve significant expense, but can be important for fire safety.
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