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Oil storage tank standards: here is a detailed list of industry standards pertaining to oil storage tanks, expanded from original information provided by the U.S. EPA.
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Federal UST regulations often require that industry codes and standards be followed (where applicable) to ensure that the UST system works properly. For example, all UST systems must be designed, constructed, and protected from corrosion in accordance with a code of practice developed by a nationally recognized association or independent testing laboratory.
EPA has also included the use of industry codes for other sections of the rule, such as upgrading, repairing, and closing USTs. Industry codes and standards provide a means for improving methods or developing alternative methods of UST system management in a timely manner.
The UST regulations provide a flexible approach to codemaking by relying on nationally recognized organizations to develop new and improved codes and practices. EPA realizes that industry codes and standards may be updated periodically. EPA regulations do not require the use of a particular issue of any code. EPA encourages owners/operators to use the version of the code or standard that is current at the time the activity occurs.
Listed below are some industry codes and standards. Please be aware that there may be other codes or standards not listed here that may be used to meet regulatory requirements. Also be aware that inclusion on the list below does not necessarily imply EPA endorsement of either the code or the developing organization. You should refer to the current UST regulations to determine if a code of practice is required to be followed in order to meet regulatory requirements. For convenience, the industry codes and standards are arranged in two ways:
Note that industry codes and standards are copyrighted and are available only from the developing organization. These codes and standards must be purchased directly from the developing organization.
Oil Storage Tank Code/Standard Subject Areas
Assessing Tank Integrity, Repairing Tanks, and Interior Lining Of Tanks
API Recommended Practice 1631, "Interior Lining of Underground Storage Tanks"
ASTM G 158, "Standard Guide for Three Methods of Assessing Buried Steel Tanks"
ASTM E 1990, "Standard Guide for Performing Evaluations of Underground Storage Tank Systems for Operational Conformance with 40 CFR, Part 280 Regulations"
KWA "Recommended Practice for Inspecting Buried Lined Steel Tanks Using a Video Camera"
NACE Standard RP 0178, "Recommended Practice: Design, Fabrication, and Surface Finish of Metal Tanks and Vessels to be Lined for Chemical Immersion Service"
NACE Standard RP-0184, "Recommended Practice: Repair of Lining Systems"
NACE Standard RP0288, "Standard Recommended Practice: Inspection of Linings on Steel and Concrete"
NFPA 326, "Standard for the Safeguarding of Tanks and Containers for Entry, Cleaning, or Repair"
NLPA Standard 631, "Entry, Cleaning, Interior Inspection, Repair, and Lining of Underground Storage Tanks"
Oil Storage Tank Closure
API Recommended Practice 1604, "Closure of Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks"
Oil Storage Tank Corrective Action
API Publication 1628, "A Guide to the Assessment and Remediation of Underground Petroleum Releases"
API Publication 1629, "Guide for Assessing and Remediating Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soils"
ASTM E 1599, "Standard Guide for Corrective Action for Petroleum Releases"
ASTM E 1739, "Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied at Petroleum Release Sites"
ASTM E 1912, "Standard Guide for Accelerated Site Characterization for Confirmed or Suspected Petroleum Releases"
ASTM E 1943, "Standard Guide for Remediation of Ground Water by Natural Attenuation at Petroleum Release Sites"
NFPA 329, "Recommended Practice for Handling Releases of Flammable and Combustible Liquids and Gases"
Oil Storage Tank Corrosion Protection Standards
Oil Storage Tank General UST Topics
API Recommended Practice 2003, "Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents"
API Publication 2005, "Service Station Safety"
API Standard 2610, "Design, Construction, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Terminal & Tank Facilities"
API Recommended Practice 1621, "Bulk Liquid Stock Control at Retail Outlets"
API Recommended Practice 1626, "Storing and Handling Ethanol and Gasoline-Ethanol Blends at Distribution Terminals and Service Stations"
API Recommended Practice 1627, "Storage and Handling of Gasoline-Methanol/Cosolvent Blends at Distribution Terminals and Service Stations"
NACE Standard RP 0177 Recommended Practice: "Mitigation of Alternating Current and Lightning Effects on Metallic Structures and Corrosion Control Systems'
NFPA 30, "Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code"
NFPA 30A, "Automotive and Marine Service Station Code"
PEI RP900 Recommended Practices for the Inspection and Maintenance of UST Systems
Oil Storage Tank Filling Practices
API Recommended Practice 1007, "Loading and Unloading of MC306/DOT 406 Cargo Tank Motor Vehicles"
NFPA 385 "Standard for Tank Vehicles for Flammable and Combustible Liquids"
Oil Storage Tank Installation
API Recommended Practice 1615, "Installation of Underground Petroleum Storage Systems"
PEI RP100, "Recommended Practices for Installation of Underground Liquid Storage Systems"
Oil Storage Tank Release Detection
ASTM E 1430, "Standard Guide for Using Release Detection Devices with Underground Storage Tanks"
ASTM E 1526, "Standard Practice for Evaluating the Performance of Release Detection Systems for Underground Storage Tank Systems"
Oil Storage Tanks and Piping
FPTPI Recommended Practice T-95-02, "Remanufacturing of Fiberglass Reinforced Underground Storage Tanks"
STI-R922, "Specification for Permatank"
STI-P3, "STI-P3 Specification and Manual for External Corrosion Protection of Underground Steel Storage Tanks"
STI-F894, "ACT-100 Specification for External Corrosion Protection of FRP Composite Steel Underground Storage Tanks"
STI-F961, "ACT-100-U Specification for External Corrosion Protection of Composite Steel Underground Storage Tanks"
UL 58, Standard for Safety: "Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids"
UL 971, Standard for Safety: "Non-Metallic Underground Piping for Flammable Liquids"
UL 1316, Standard for Safety: "Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Underground Storage Tanks for Petroleum Products"
Oil Storage Tank Code/Standard Developing Organizations
ANSI -- American National Standards Institute
AWWA -- American Water Works Association
API -- American Petroleum Institute
ASTM International -- formerly American Society for Testing and Materials
FTPI -- Fiberglass Tank and Pipe Institute
KWA -- Ken Wilcox Associates, Inc.
NACE International (formerly the National Association of Corrosion Engineers)
NFPA -- National Fire Protection Association
PEI -- Petroleum Equipment Institute
Lake Zurich, IL 60047
(708) 438-TANK 
UL -- Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
WFCA -- Western Fire Chiefs Association
Continue reading at OIL TANK STANDARDS - UL or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below.
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