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PLUMBING SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR
AGE of PLUMBING MATERIALS & FIXTURES
AIR DISCHARGE at FAUCETS, FIXTURES
ANTI SCALD VALVES
ANODES & DIP TUBES on WATER HEATERS
BACKUP PREVENTION, SEPTIC
BACKUP PREVENTION, SEWER LINE
BACKWATER VALVES, SEWER LINE
BATH & KITCHEN DESIGN GUIDE
CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS in WATER
CHEMICAL ODOR SOURCES
CHLORINE IN DRINKING WATER
CLOGGED DRAIN DIAGNOSIS & REPAIR
DEBRIS in WATER SUPPLY, Water Heater
DEPTH of SEPTIC TANK
DRAIN & SEWER PIPING
FAUCETS & CONTROLS, KITCHEN & BATH
FAUCETS, OUTDOOR HOSE BIBBS
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FLOOR DRAIN / TRAP ODORS
FLUSHOMETER VALVES for TOILETS URINALS
GAS PIPING, VALVES, CONTROLS
GALVANIC SCALE & METAL CORROSION
HARD WATER - SOFTENERS
HEAT TAPES, Heat, Insulation prevent Freeze-Up
LEAD POISONING HAZARDS GUIDE
LEAD IN DRINKING WATER, HOW to REDUCE
METHANE GAS SOURCES
MIXING / ANTI-SCALD VALVES
MUNICIPAL WATER PRESSURE IMPROVEMENTS
NOISE / SOUND DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS GASES SMELLS, DIAGNOSIS & CURE
ODORS IN WATER
ODORS, SEPTIC or SEWER
ODORS SEWER GAS in COLD WEATHER
ODORS, SULPHUR SMELL SOURCES
ANIMAL or URINE ODOR SOURCE DETECTION
PIPING IN BUILDINGS, Clogs Leaks Types
PLUMBING FIXTURES, KITCHEN, BATH
PLUMBING NOISE TRANSMISSION CONTROL
PLUMBING VENT DEFINITIONS & CODES
PLUMBING VENT DEFECTS & NOISES
PUMPS USED in BUILDINGS
PUMPS, WATER REPAIR
RELIEF VALVE LEAKS
RELIEF VALVE, TP VALVE, BOILER
RELIEF VALVE, TP VALVE, STEAM BOILER
RELIEF VALVE, WATER HEATER
RELIEF VALVE, WATER TANK
REPAIR BURST LEAKY PIPES
METHANE GAS HAZARDS
SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR
SHUTOFF VALVE LOCATION, USE
SULPHUR & SEWER GAS SMELL SOURCES
SWEATING (CONDENSATION) on PIPES, TANKS
TOILETS, INSPECT, INSTALL, REPAIR
WATER, WELLS, WATER TANKS: TESTING GUIDE
WATER PRESSURE LOSS DIAGNOSIS & REPAIR
WATER PUMPS & TANKS
WATER SOFTENERS & CONDITIONERS
WATER SOURCE ALTERNATIVES
WATER SUPPLY & DRAIN PIPING
WATER SHUTOFF VALVE LOCATION, USE
WATER SHUTOFF VALVE, WELL PUMP
WATER TESTS, CONTAMINANTS, TREATMENT
WELLS CISTERNS & SPRINGS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
PVC or chlorinated polyvinyl chloride plastic plumbing pipes:
This article series describes the properties of polubutylene PVC & CPVC plastic piping and tubing used in buildings. We include information about failures and problems with some generations of CPVC or PVC plastic pipes and we describe good building practice installation details where plastic piping is being installed.
The articles at this website will answer most questions about plastic building water supply and building drain piping products, failures, and claims as well as many other building plumbing system inspection or defect topics.
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Our photo (above-left) illustrates Royal brand PVC sewer piping being installed at a New York Home. Photo courtesy Galow Homes. Other types of plastic pipe such as ABS are discussed
What's the difference between PVC and CPVC plastic piping?
PVC, polyvinyl chloride plastic pipe is used in both pressure and non-pressure piping applications.
CPVC, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride pipe (shown below) is typically used for pressurized piping applications such as hot and cold potable water distribution. CPVC pipe can be used for handling corrosive liquids so is found in industrial and chemical applications.
CPVC Plastic Pipe Identifying Markings
Below we illustrate typical markings and specifications found on lengths of CPVC piping.
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) pipe is not as flexible as PB or PEX and the fittings are solvent welded (glued) rather than press-on. This pipe is likely to split if freezing occurs. - Home Reference Book, used with permission.
Watch out: PVC polyvinyl chloride pipe produced by JM Eagle Corp. is reported to be defective, leaking or breaking as early as in the first year after installation. Details are
Watch out: Using the wrong solvent adhesive, or not using it properly (including pre-cleaning the pipe joints) not only results in leaky plumbing, also the purple solvent cement makes permanent stains, as Oatey Plumbing points out:
PVC is Poly(Vinyl) Chloride, CPVC is Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl) Chloride and ABS is Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene. PVC and ABS pipe are normally used for drain, waste and vent (DWV) systems.
CPVC is used for water distribution systems. It is important to choose the correct solvent cement or pipe glue based on the type of plastic pipe being used.
You should not bury plastic sewer piping in sharp rocks but rather it should be bedded in sand and located 18" below the ground surface or deeper to reduce chances of damage from rocks or from vehicles passing overhead.
Photo above courtesy Galow Homes.
PVC Plastic Pipe Identifying Markings
Below is an illustration of typical markings on PVC plastic pipe.
This topic has moved to PVC & CPVC PIPE INSTALLATION STEPS
This topic has moved to PVC & CPVC PIPE GLUING SET & CURE TIMES
Early in 2010 New York Times reported that John Hendrix has accused PVC piping manufacturer JM Eagle of falsifying PVC pipe quality testing results, covering up the discovery that pipes that should last 50 years are failing as early as in one year, risking costly leaks and dangerous explosions.
Indeed the same Times article reported that some U.S. municipalities have already found leaking, cracking, and exploding PVC pipes made by JM Eagle, and some are joining the "whistle blower" lawsuit as a result. Litigation has been filed in the U.S. District Court for Central District of California, and has been joined by California, Delaware, Nevada, Tennessee, and Virginia. The Nevada state attorney general cited JM Eagle pipe that had been rupturing several times a year.
In April 2010, again reported in the NY Times, JM Eagle promised to guarantee its products for 50 years, including pipe that is already in the ground. "The warranty covers the pipe based on standards that were in effect at the time of the installation," the times reported. Links to and excepts from the JM Eagle pipe warranty are provided below at References.
Watch out: the same April 2010 Times article points out that municipalities had already reported pipe failures that "... may not qualify for a claim against the new guarantee..."
See JM Eagle® DEFECTIVE PVC PolyVinyl Chloride PIPING LAWSUIT for details.
Continue reading at PVC & CPVC PIPE INSTALLATION STEPS or select a topic from the More Reading links shown below.
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