SUMP PUMP SINGLE vs DUPLEX - CONTENTS: When should we install more than one sump pump; how to wire duplex sump pump installations. Two Types of Duplex Sump Pump Installations: Alternating and Reserve. Where and how to install sump pumps. How to inspect & maintain sump pumps to remove water from buildings or to prevent basement leakage or crawl space water entry
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Duplex or paired sump pumps for building flood protection:
This article explains when, where, and how multiple or duplex sump pumps are used in buildings, describes the types of sump pumps, and describes how sump pumps should be installed, inspected, and maintained.
Two Types of Sump Pump Installations - Simplex and Duplex Pumps
A sump pump is normally installed in a pit at the low end of a basement or crawl space floor or in another location where water needs to be removed such as in a boiler pit or an outdoor well pit.
On occasion we find that we need to install two or more sump pumps inside or outside of a building foundation to remove water from around the foundation of a poorly-sited (too low) building which has no natural drainage path to dispose of ground water by gravity.
Single submersible or pedestal sump pump: The photo on the left is what you're likely to see if your basement has a modern sump pump.
A pedestal type pump must keep its motor out of water and dry.
Regardless of which type of pump we select, pedestal or submersible sump pump, many installations require that only one single pump be installed.
Duplex sump pumps: The photo at above left shows a duplexed sump pump system using pedestal type sump pumps. This was a really wet basement - a single sump pump simply could not keep up. In this installation .
When a building footprint or foundation layout is complex, or where the building is constructed over both basement space and one or more crawl spaces, it may be necessary to install multiple sump pumps to protect these various areas.
In a single large basement whose floor did not slope uniformly to a single low corner, it may be more economical to install two or even more sump pumps in problem areas than to tear up the entire basement floor to install a sub-slab drainage system.
Two Types of Duplex Sump Pump Installations: Alternating and Reserve
Reserve septic backup design: the backup pump never runs unless the primary pump has failed or is overloaded. A simple installation provides a pump control float switch that turns on the backup pump only water in the pumping chamber reaches a level above that normally handled by the primary sump pump.
This approach provides both pump backup and the ability to handle surges in building water entry loads on the sump pump system.
Alternating septic pump design: the two sump pumps are installed at the same location but are wired so that the pumps take turns, first one, and next cycle the other pump is turned on by the float switch.
This dual pump hookup is more common among septic pumping stations than among home sump pump de-watering systems, but it may be appropriate where a large volume of ground water has to be kept constantly out of a building.
An example we've seen was in the basement of a home on Long Island, NY in which the level of the basement slab was so low that flooding from Long Island sound would be nearly constant if the pumps failed.
The alternating sump pump approach has the advantage that both pumps are being exercised regularly, which reduces the chance of the ugly discovery that in the event you have to rely on a backup sump pump which has been sitting idle, waiting its chance to run, has in the interim, died.
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 Wayne sump pumps such as the Wayne CDU800 1/2HP product specifications
 Zoeller sump pumps, such as the Zoeller M53 1/2HP sump pump, the Zoeller 98-0001 1/2HP , the Zoeller 57-0001 M57 high capacity pump, and Zoeller "Old Faithful 81 pedestal pup, Zoeller® Company, Website: http://www.zoellerpumps.com/ , Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
 "Installation Instructions, Pedestal Pumps Dewatering and Sump, 81, 82, 84 Series", Zoeller Pump Co.®, PO Box 16347, Louisville KY 40256-0347, Tel: 800-928-PUMP Website: www.zoeller.com
"International Private Sewage Disposal Code," 1995, BOCA-708-799-2300, ICBO-310-699-0541, SBCCI 205-591-1853, available from those code associations.
"Manual of Policy, Procedures, and Guidelines for Onsite Sewage Systems," Ontario Reg. 374/81, Part VII of the Environmental
Protection Act (Canada), ISBN 0-7743-7303-2, Ministry of the Environment,135 St. Clair Ave. West, Toronto Ontario M4V 1P5 Canada $24. CDN.
Books & Articles on Building & Environmental Inspection, Testing, Diagnosis, & Repair
The Home Reference Book - the Encyclopedia of Homes, Carson Dunlop & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, 25th Ed., 2012, is a bound volume of more than 450 illustrated pages that assist home inspectors and home owners in the inspection and detection of problems on buildings. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Field inspection worksheets are included at the back of the volume. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Enter INSPECTAHRB in the order payment page "Promo/Redemption" space. InspectAPedia.com editor Daniel Friedman is a contributing author.
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