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SEPTIC SYSTEM INSPECT DIAGNOSE REPAIR
SEPTIC CARE INSTRUCTIONS
SEPTIC D-BOX INSPECTION
SEPTIC DRAINFIELD FAILURE DIAGNOSIS
SEPTIC DYE TEST PROCEDURE
SEPTIC FAILURE SIGNS
SEPTIC INSPECTION & TEST GUIDE
SEPTIC LIFE EXPECTANCY
SEPTIC SUPPLIES & PARTS
SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN ALTERNATIVES
SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN BASICS
SEPTIC SYSTEMS, HOME BUYERS GUIDE to
SEPTIC SYSTEM SAFETY WARNINGS
SEPTIC TREATMENTS & CHEMICALS
SEWAGE BACKUP PREVENTION
SEWAGE EJECTOR / GRINDER PUMPS
SEWER GAS ODORS
SEWER LINE REPLACEMENT
SINKHOLES, WARNING SIGNS
SOAKAWAY BED FAILURE DIAGNOSIS
SULPHUR & SEWER GAS SMELL SOURCES
TOILETS, INSPECT, INSTALL, REPAIR
TRAPS on PLUMBING FIXTURES
TREATMENTS & CHEMICALS, SEPTIC
VIDEO GUIDES: Septic Videos
WATER CONSERVATION MEASURES
WATER SOFTENERS & CONDITIONERS
WATER SUPPLY & DRAIN PIPING
WATER, WELLS, WATER TANKS: TESTING GUIDE
WASHING MACHINES & SEPTIC SYSTEMS
WASTEWATER TREATMENT BASICS
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
Septic system alternatives: holding tanks, waterless toilets. This article discusses example procedures for evaluating, installing, approving other septic system types besides those already discussed. These include (by example) septic holding tanks, waterless septic systems, chemical toilets, electrical and gas toilets. The composting toilet shown at page top (Nature's Head) is discussed in more detail at TOILET ALTERNATIVES, WATERLESS.
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Regulations for the Design of Other Septic System Alternatives: septic holding tanks, waterless septic systems, chemical toilets, electrical and gas toilets
[ NOTE: this section of NYS regulations discusses "alternatives" to onsite wastewater disposal systems. None of the systems discussed here dispose of septic effluent on the primary site, and some avoid effluent production completely, other than human excreta. New York regulations (effective in 1990) do not discuss other septic and onsite wastewater handling methods such as aerobic septic systems.
Readers should therefore also be sure to see SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN ALTERNATIVES.- Ed. NYS Title: Appendix 75-A.10
(a) Holding Tank Septic Systems
The use of holding tanks shall not be permitted for new home construction except where occupancy of a home is permitted while the sewage treatment system is under construction. Tank size shall be based upon five days design flow or 1,000 gallons, whichever is greater and meet the same construction as a septic tank except that the holding tank shall not have an outlet. Holding tanks are not acceptable for long term use on year-round residences.
(b) Non-Waterborne Septic Systems
(1) Waterless Toilets - General
In certain areas of the State where running water is not available or is too scarce to economically support flush toilets, or where there is a need or desire to conserve water, the installation of non-waterborne sewage systems may be considered however, the treatment of wastewater from sinks, showers, and other facilities must be provided when non-flush toilets are installed. Household wastewater without toilet wastes is known as greywater.
(2) Composters [Composting Toilets].
These units shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. The units shall have a label indicating compliance with the requirements of National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) Standard 41 or equivalent. Only units with a warranty of five years or more shall be installed.
(3) Chemical and Recirculating Toilets
(i) Chemical toilets provide a toilet seat located directly above a vault containing a chemical to disinfect and remove odors from the wastewater. Recirculating toilets use chemicals as the toilet flush fluid. The wastes are separated from the fluid, wastes discharged to an internal holding tank, and the fluid reused.
(ii) The liquids used in these types of toilets do not completely disinfect the wastes; therefore, waste products from these units shall not be discharged to surface waters or to the ground surface.
(iii) The reduced volume wastewater from recirculating toilets may be discharged to a larger holding tank but not to a subsurface absorption system.
(4) Incinerator Toilets [Gas, Electric Toilets]
These units accept human waste into a chamber where the wastes are burned. They have a very limited capacity and require a source of electricity or gas. The ash remains must be periodically removed. They must be installed according to the manufacturer's instructions.
(5) Greywater Systems
Greywater [grey water, gray water] systems shall be designed upon a flow of 75 gpd/bedroom and meet all the criteria previously discussed for treatment of household wastewater.
[DF NOTE: Grey water is water that does not include sewage, including water from sinks, showers, and laundry facilities.]
(C) Engineered Septic Systems
(1) A treatment system of a type not discussed in this document may be allowed only through the issuance of a Specific Waiver by the health unit having jurisdiction as provided for in Part 75, of this Title.
(2) Special Conditions.
(i) The system shall be designed by a design professional.
(ii) An environmental assessment determines that the development of the site with this system is consistent with the overall development of the area and will cause no adverse environmental impacts. The homeowner/purchaser shall be informed of the expected reliability or problems with the design.
(iii) The design professional supervises the installation of the system and certifies that the system was built in accordance with the approved plan and/or submits as-built plans of the system.
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