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STRUCTURAL INSPECTIONS & DEFECTS
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DISASTER BUILDING INSPECTION & REPAIR
EARTHQUAKE DAMAGED FOUNDATIONS
FIRE DAMAGE vs MOLD DAMAGE
FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, SAFETY & CLEANUP
FOOTING & FOUNDATION DRAINS
FOUNDATION CRACKS & DAMAGE GUIDE
FRAMING DAMAGE, INSPECTION, REPAIR
GRADING, DRAINAGE & SITE WORK
HOUSE PARTS, DEFINITIONS
INSECT INFESTATION / DAMAGE
KIT HOMES, Aladdin, Sears, Wards, Others
LOG HOME GUIDE
MOBILE HOMES, DOUBLEWIDES, TRAILERS
MODULAR HOME CONSTRUCTION
MOISTURE CONTROL in BUILDINGS
PORCH CONSTRUCTION & SCREENING
PRE-CUT & KIT HOMES
RETAINING WALL DESIGNS, TYPES, DAMAGE
ROT, FUNGUS, INSECT DAMAGE
SINKHOLES, WARNING SIGNS
STAIRS, RAILINGS, LANDINGS, RAMPS
STRAW BALE CONSTRUCTION
STRESS SKIN INSULATED PANELS
STRUCTURAL WOOD ASSESSMENT
TIMBER FRAMING, ROT
TRUSSES, Floor & Roof
WATER ENTRY in BUILDINGS
WOOD STRUCTURE ASSESSMENT
This article explains the cause, detection, and cure of leaks on solid-log homes such as at cracks, checks in logs, log wall corners, at log wall windows, doors, sills, and eaves. Errors in placement of log splines, gaskets, or caulk are discussed along with various remedies.
This series of articles provides information on the inspection and diagnosis of damage to new and older log homes and includes description of log house and log siding insulation values and alternatives, and also a description of the characteristics of slab-sided log homes as well as all other types of log home construction. We include illustrations of log structures from several very different areas and climates in both the United States and Norway. Our page top photo shows a modern kit log home constructed in New York State.
For modern kit and factory-sourced log structures we include details of common construction and building defects that cause water and air leaks and ultimately rot damage and we point to key problem areas that need to be inspected carefully when buying or maintaining a log home.
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The windows in this new log home were installed with no spline/gasket seal between the ends of the wall logs and the window jambs.
Our left photo shows our probing ruler penetrating almost 6" - the full width of the "D" profile logs (depending on where in the curved log face you're measuring) used in constructing this home - in other words, at the point where we've inserted our ruler there is absolutely no seal between the inside face of the window frame and outside of the wall jamb rough opening at the window jamb. We found this true also between the ends of the logs and the other face of the jamb rough opening.
This poor window installation detail on the solid log home combined with wide and checks in the logs near the windows (see photos below) to send water into the window assembly (see stains along our ruler where we had removed the interior sill and trim) and also into the building interior (see stains at the log/window assembly butt joint in the lower right of the photo.
The photos above show the outside log wall at the same leaky wall. The checks in the upper half of some of the logs abutting the window jamb were as much as 2.75" deep (2" at the probe point in our photo above right). These leak points combined with the absence of a window spline and gasket or caulk barrier and permitted water to enter the window jamb structure.
The "cure" for this problem was a custom-designed window head flashing and additional exterior sealing using a sealant recommended by the log manufacturer. It was also important to seal the upwards-facing log checks, as we discuss further below.
Construction at the corners of a log home, and around openings for windows and doors must be tight and properly executed to avoid drafts, leaks, and condensation problems. During arbitration of a dispute between a log home owner and the builder we found that improperly-installed windows on the home were causing window condensation and wall leaks. At the builder's own log home, built a decade before, we found that these same details led to severe structural rot in logs under leaky windows.
Windows and doors must be set, framed, and trimmed wit care to seal straight components (such as window frames) abutting rounded log surfaces (such as a log wall or log slab siding walls).
Inspect where normal log shrinkage has opened minor cracks in logs (checking cracks are typically 1/8" or more in logs) and between logs. Checking between logs in a modern kit home log wall can determine if splines were installed where they should have been to prevent leaks and drafts between the logs in a wall.
From outside the building at its corners, look into the ends of the log corner to see if you can spot the type of spline or log interlocks that were designed by the manufacturer.
If your probe extends into the log groove at a building corner for a distance greater than the outside overhanging portion of the log, the gaskets were not extended to the corner as they should have been. The incomplete caulking you see in the left photo is an inept attempt to seal drafts at the building corner.
Continue reading at LOG HOME CONSTRUCTION
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