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WATER PUMPS, TANKS, TESTS, WELLS, REPAIRS
WATER CONTAMINANT LEVELS
WATER HAMMER NOISE DIAGNOSE & CURE
WATER ODORS, CAUSE CURE
WATER PUMP REPAIR GUIDE
WATER PRESSURE LOSS DIAGNOSIS & REPAIR
WATER PUMP SHORT CYCLING
WATER SOFTENERS & CONDITIONERS
WATER TANK REPAIR PROCEDURES
WATER TANK: USES, TROUBLESHOOTING
WATER TESTS, CONTAMINANTS, TREATMENT
WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT CHOICES
WELLS CISTERNS & SPRINGS
WELL FLOW RATE
WELL WATER PRESSURE DIAGNOSIS
WELL YIELD IMPROVEMENT
WINTERIZE A BUILDING
How & why to choose & install a water pressure booster pump: this article describes the use of water pressure boosting systems that add a pump and pressure tank to improve water pressure and flow, including improving water pressure & flow on the upper floors of tall buildings. We explain what a booster pump system is, what components are needed to improve building water pressure, and how to decide if a booster pump or pump and pressure tank set-up is the right repair for bad water pressure in your building. In FAQs & Q&As we discuss adding booster pumps & tanks in series.
Green links show where you are. © Copyright 2013 InspectAPedia.com, All Rights Reserved. Author Daniel Friedman.
Homes on gravity water systems such as we describe in the San Miguel de Allende case usually install a rooftop water tank or cistern to which water is replenished periodically. The rooftop water cistern provides water to the local building whenever it is needed.
But some homes in such a community may because of their location or construction or because they have no high spot to place their water tank, have only very low water pressure.
When incoming water pressure at a building is low, a water pressure "booster pump" may be installed on upper building floors or on a building roof to provide improved water pressure for the occupants of upper building floors.
If the incoming water pressure is from a municipal system and the building is just two or three floors high, the booster pump might be on ground level, as we described at the start of this article.
But if the incoming water pressure at a building is being provided by a well pump and water pressure tank system, and if the building is taller than three floors, the existing well pump may not be capable of delivering adequate water pressure nor adequate water floor to occupants of a fourth or higher floor.
Installing a Booster Pump for Water Pressure on the Fourth Floor of a Residential Building
Beginning on the 4th floor of such a building, install an additional pressure tank next to the second pump.
The ground floor pump will send water into the incoming pipe connection of your 4th floor pump itself.
We are assuming that your 4th floor pump will be a 1-line jet pump - that is, a single pipe connects to the pump inlet port and a single pipe connects from the pump outlet to the inlet connection of a pressure tank.
Fourth floor cold water piping should be fed by the outlet connection on the pressure tank. WATER PUMP, ONE LINE JET shows what a common 1-line jet pump looks like, and WATER PUMP, ONE LINE JET OPERATION explains how one line jet pumps work.
In our one line jet pump photo (left) the black plastic pipe coming up from lower left is attached to the pump's inlet port where an internal check valve prevents water from siphoning back out of the pump and tank into the well when the pump shuts down.
At the top right of this pump you can just make out the water connection leaving the pump where it heads up into a copper pipe.
The 4th floor pump will turn on when the pressure switch connected to its 4th floor pressure tank senses pressure dropping below the cut-in point, and it will cut "off" when the 4th floor pump has boosted pressure in your 4th floor tank up to the cutout pressure.
We expect that given that the 4th floor pump will have always at least some incoming water pressure, though low, it should be able to add additional lift t boost the 4th floor pressure as you want.
The "lift" capacity of a water pump that is a one-line jet pump is a little under 10 meters - but that's without any incoming pressure to the pump from the one located on the 1st floor.
Thanks to Ahmed Hamza for discussing this topic.
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